If you have mild fibrous dysplasia that's discovered incidentally and you have no signs or symptoms, your risk of developing deformity or fracturing your bone is low. Your doctor will likely monitor your condition with periodic X-rays.
Osteoporosis medications called bisphosphonates help prevent bone loss by decreasing the activity of cells that normally dissolve bone. Some studies suggest that bisphosphonates may strengthen bones affected by fibrous dysplasia and may relieve bone pain.
Your doctor may recommend surgery in order to:
- Correct a deformity
- Correct a difference in limb lengths
- Repair a fracture that does not heal with casting
- Prevent fractures
- Relieve pressure on a nerve, particularly if the lesion is in your skull or face
Surgery may involve removing the bone lesion and replacing it with a bone graft: bone from another part of your body, bone tissue from a donor or a synthetic material. In some cases a fibrous dysplasia lesion may develop again.
Your surgeon also may insert metal plates, rods or screws to prevent fractures or to stabilize a bone or bone graft.
Aug. 07, 2017
- Fibrous dysplasia. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00083. Accessed May 13, 2017.
- Hakim DN, et al. Benign tumours of the bone: A review. Journal of Bone Oncology. 2015;4:37.
- Czerniak B. Fibrous dysplasia and related lesions. In: Dorfman and Czerniak's Bone Tumors. Philadelpia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed May 12, 2017.
- Tis JE. Benign bone tumors in children and adolescents. https://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed May 12, 2017.
- Fibrous dysplasia overview. National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. https://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Additional_Bone_Topics/fibrous_dysplasia.asp. Accesssed May 12, 2017.