If you have mild fibrous dysplasia that's discovered incidentally and you have no signs or symptoms, your risk of developing deformity or fracturing your bone is low. Your doctor can monitor your condition with periodic X-rays.
Osteoporosis medications, particularly pamidronate (Aredia), may help strengthen bones affected by fibrous dysplasia. This can relieve pain and help reduce the risk of fractures.
Your doctor may recommend surgery in order to:
- Correct a deformity
- Correct a difference in limb lengths
- Fix a fracture
- Remove an affected area of bone (lesion) that's causing you difficulty
- Relieve pressure on a nerve, particularly if the lesion is in your skull or face
Surgery may involve removing the bone lesion and replacing it with bone grafted from another part of your body or from bone tissue donated from a deceased donor. Your surgeon may insert metal plates, rods or screws to stabilize the bone and the graft. Risks include infection, blood clots and bleeding. In addition, a bone graft may not last.
July 08, 2014
- Fibrous dysplasia overview. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Diseases National Resource Center. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Additional_Bone_Topics/fibrous_dysplasia.asp. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Goldman L, et al. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Tis JE. Benign bone tumors in children and adolescents: An overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Canale ST, et al. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 18, 2014.
- Fibrous dysplasia. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00083. Accessed April 18, 2014.