If you have a mild form of fibrous dysplasia, you may not know it until it's discovered incidentally on an X-ray for another condition. If you have signs and symptoms, your doctor will perform a physical examination and order X-rays of the affected bones.
In some cases, your doctor may order more tests to confirm the diagnosis or to determine the extent of the disorder. They include:
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- Imaging tests. Computerized tomography or magnetic resonance imaging scans may be used to determine how extensively your bones are affected.
- Bone scan. This test uses radioactive tracers, which are injected into your bloodstream. The damaged parts of your bones take up more of the tracers, which show up more brightly on the scan.
- Biopsy. This test uses a hollow needle to remove a small piece of the affected bone for laboratory analysis.
- Fibrous dysplasia overview. NIH Osteoporosis and Related Diseases National Resource Center. http://www.niams.nih.gov/Health_Info/Bone/Additional_Bone_Topics/fibrous_dysplasia.asp. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Goldman L, et al. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Longo DL, et al. Harrison's Online. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/resourceTOC.aspx?resourceID=4. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Tis JE. Benign bone tumors in children and adolescents: An overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 17, 2014.
- Canale ST, et al. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed April 18, 2014.
- Fibrous dysplasia. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00083. Accessed April 18, 2014.