In-depth

Complications

Microcephaly

Coping and support

Staging an intervention

Prevention

Alcohol use

Drinking alcohol might offer some health benefits. But that's only if you drink responsibly and in moderation.

Pregnancy nutrition don'ts

May 25, 2017
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Fetal alcohol syndrome. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  2. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs): Facts about FASDs. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/facts.html. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  3. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs): Alcohol use in pregnancy. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/alcohol-use.html. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  4. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASDs): Secondary conditions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/fasd/secondary-conditions.html. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  5. Fetal alcohol syndrome. American Academy of Family Physicians. https://familydoctor.org/condition/fetal-alcohol-syndrome/#questions. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  6. Williams JF, et al. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders. Pediatrics. 2015;136:e1395.
  7. Effects of alcohol on a fetus. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. https://store.samhsa.gov/shin/content/SMA07-4275/SMA07-4275.pdf. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  8. Weitzman C, et al. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Overview of management and prognosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  9. Wilhoit LF, et al. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: Characteristics, complications, and treatment. Community Mental Health Journal. In press. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  10. Weitzman C, et al. Fetal alcohol spectrum disorder: Clinical features and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 13, 2017.
  11. Hoecker JL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 25, 2017.