Although you can't prevent the development of exercise-induced asthma, you can take steps to prevent flare-ups of the condition:
- Warm up for about 10 minutes before strenuous exercise.
- Do your best to avoid colds and other respiratory infections. Don't do strenuous exercise when you have a cold.
- Avoid allergens when exercising if they worsen your symptoms. Examples include air pollution, pollen or pet dander.
- Learn to breathe through your nose to warm air before it goes into your lungs.
- Keep your mouth and nose covered during exercise in cold weather.
- Don't avoid exercise because you have asthma. Staying in good shape can ease asthma symptoms in the long run.
Most schools will ask you to develop a written asthma action plan in conjunction with your child's doctor. This document provides step by step instructions for schoolteachers, nurses and coaches that explain what to do to prevent your child's exercise-induced asthma, such as using a rescue inhaler before exercising. It also gives school personnel instructions on what to do if your child has an asthma flare-up. Ask your child's doctor or school nurse for an asthma action plan form.
Nov. 08, 2011
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- Expert panel report 3 (EPR-3): Guidelines for the diagnosis and management of asthma. Bethesda, Md.: National Institutes of Health. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/guidelines/asthma/07_sec3_comp4.pdf. Accessed Sept. 26, 2011.
- Updated information on leukotriene inhibitors: Montelukast (marketed as Singulair), zafirlukast (marketed as Accolate), and zileuton (marketed as Zyflo and Zyflo CR). U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/DrugSafetyInformationforHeathcareProfessionals/ucm165489.htm. Accessed Sept. 26, 2011.
- FDA drug safety communication: New safety requirements for long-acting inhaled asthma medications called long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs). U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/Drugs/DrugSafety/PostmarketDrugSafetyInformationforPatientsandProviders/ucm200776.htm. Accessed Sept. 26, 2011.
- Asthma action plan. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/public/lung/asthma/asthma_actplan.pdf. Accessed Sept. 27, 2011.
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