At Mayo Clinic, precancerous esophageal lesions and early esophageal cancer may be treated with endoscopic therapies rather than surgery. Mayo Clinic experts are highly experienced in using these techniques that cause minimal esophageal trauma, have a low risk of complications and preserve the esophagus.
Therapies may include endoscopic mucosal resection, radiofrequency ablation or photodynamic therapy.
For more advanced cancer, surgery to remove a portion of the esophagus (esophagectomy) is usually necessary. When possible, Mayo Clinic surgeons perform esophageal surgery using laparoscopic techniques, such as minimally invasive esophagectomy.
In advanced cancers, more-traditional open surgical techniques may be necessary. Mayo Clinic has surgical teams with expertise in all aspects of complex esophageal cancer surgery and esophageal reconstruction.
May. 12, 2011
- Swanson S. Surgical management of localized esophageal cancer. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed March 3, 2011.
- Esophageal cancer. Fort Washington, Pa.: National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/PDF/esophageal.pdf. Accessed March 4, 2011.
- Esophageal cancer treatment (PDQ) health professional version. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/treatment/esophageal/healthprofessional/allpages. Accessed March 4, 2011.
- Esophageal cancer screening (PDQ) health professional version. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/pdq/screening/esophageal/healthprofessional/allpages. Accessed March 4, 2011.
- Eating hints for cancer patients: Before, during and after treatment. National Cancer Institute. http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/coping/eatinghints. Accessed March 4, 2011.
- Lagergren J, et al. Oesophageal cancer. British Medical Journal. 2010;341:1207.
- Management of esophageal cancer. Current Problems in Surgery. 2010;47:845.
- NCCN guidelines: Esophageal and esophagogastric junction cancers. National Comprehensive Cancer Network. http://www.nccn.org/professionals/physician_gls/f_guidelines.asp. Accessed March 4, 2011.
- Gan S, et al. Advances in clinical practice: New endoscopic and surgical treatment options for early esophageal adenocarcinoma. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology. 2010;50:1478.
- Campbell NP, et al. World Journal of Gastroenterology. Neoadjuvant treatment of esophageal cancer. 2010;16:3793.