Various risk factors can contribute to erectile dysfunction, including:
- Medical conditions. Examples include diabetes and heart conditions.
- Tobacco use. Smoking restricts blood flow to blood vessels. Over time tobacco use can cause chronic health conditions that lead to erectile dysfunction.
- Being overweight. This can cause — or worsen — erectile dysfunction.
- Certain medical treatments. Examples include prostate surgery or radiation treatment for cancer.
- Certain injuries. An injury that damages the nerves that control erections can lead to erectile dysfunction.
- Certain medications. Examples include antidepressants, antihistamines and medications to treat high blood pressure or prostate cancer.
- Psychological conditions. Stress, anxiety or depression can play a role.
- Drug and alcohol use. Drinking too much or taking certain illegal drugs can worsen erectile dysfunction directly or by causing long-term health problems.
- Prolonged bicycling. This can compress nerves and affect blood flow to the penis, leading to temporary erectile dysfunction.
Jun. 20, 2014
- Erectile dysfunction. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/ED/. Accessed June 11, 2014.
- Diaz JR VA, et al. Male sexual dysfunction. Primary Care Clinics Office Practice. 2010;37:473.
- Erectile dysfunction. The Merck Manuals: The Merck Manual for Healthcare Professionals. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary_disorders/male_sexual_dysfunction/erectile_dysfunction.html#v1153706. Accessed June 11, 2014.