You might be referred to a doctor who specializes in urinary issues (urologist).
What you can do
- Make a list of your symptoms, including any that might seem unrelated to the reason for which you scheduled the appointment.
- Make a list of your key medical information, including any history of STI.
- Make a list of all medications, vitamins or supplements that you're currently taking.
- Write down questions to ask your doctor.
Questions to ask your doctor
- What's the most likely cause of my symptoms? Are there any other possible causes?
- What kinds of tests do I need?
- What treatments are available for epididymitis?
- How long will it take before I start to feel better?
- Should my partner be tested or treated for an STI?
- Are there any restrictions on sexual activity that I need to follow?
- I have these other medical problems. How can I best treat them together?
In addition to the questions that you've prepared to ask your doctor, don't hesitate to ask other questions during your appointment.
What to expect from your doctor
Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them might make time to go over points you want to spend more time on. You might be asked:
- When did you first begin experiencing symptoms, and how severe are they? Are your symptoms constant or occasional?
- What, if anything, seems to improve or worsen your symptoms?
- Do you have discharge from your penis or blood in your semen?
- Do you have pain when you urinate, or a frequent or urgent need to urinate?
- Do you have pain during intercourse or when you ejaculate?
- Have you or has your partner had or been tested for an STI?
- Does your work or do other physical activities involve heavy lifting?
- Have you been diagnosed with a prostate condition or urinary tract infection?
- Have you ever had surgery in or near your urinary tract, or surgery that required the insertion of a catheter?
- Have you had a groin injury?
What you can do in the meantime
While you wait for your appointment, avoid sexual contact that could put your partner at risk of contracting an STI, including sexual intercourse, oral sex and any skin-to-skin contact with your genitals. Let your sex partner or partners know about your signs and symptoms, so they can also seek testing.
Oct. 07, 2014
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- Eyre RC, et al. Evaluation of the acute scrotum in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 4, 2014.
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- Schaeffer AJ. Complications of urinary bladder catheters and preventive strategies. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 4, 2014.
- Hedger MP. Immunophysiology and pathology of inflammation in the testis and epididymis. Journal of Andrology. 2011;32:625.
- AskMayoExpert. What evaluation and treatment are indicated for orchitis as a cause of pediatric testicular or scrotal pain? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Pilatz A. Acute epididymitis in ultrasound: Results of a prospective study with baseline and follow-up investigations in 134 patients. European Journal of Radiology. 2013;82:e762.
- Boettcher M, et al. Differentiation of epididymitis and appendix testis torsion by clinical and ultrasound signs in children. Urology. 2013;82:899.
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