In-depth

Causes

Heart arrhythmias

Symptoms

Edema

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath can be frightening. Most of the time, a heart or lung condition is the cause.

Tests and diagnosis

Cardiac catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is used as a test for some heart conditions and as a procedure to treat some types of heart disease. Find out more.

Chest X-rays

CT scan

Echocardiogram

Echocardiogram allows your doctor to see your heart in motion. Here's what you need to know about the test.

Electrocardiogram

An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a test that provides valuable clues about your heart health. Here's what you need to know about the test.

MRI

MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within your body.

Stress test

Treatments and drugs

Heart transplant

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator

Implantable cardioverter-defibrillators (ICDs) can control abnormal, life-threatening heart rhythms and prevent cardiac arrest.

Pacemaker

A pacemaker can correct a heartbeat that's too slow. Find out the risks, results and recovery time of the procedure to implant a pacemaker.

Ventricular assist devices

Having a ventricular assist device (VAD) can help you survive while waiting for a heart transplant, or can serve as a long-term treatment for heart failure. Find out more.

April 03, 2014

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