In-depth

Complications

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Coping and support

Mental health: Overcoming the stigma of mental illness

Symptoms

Abdominal pain

Find out what causes different types of abdominal pain.

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

X-ray

Treatments and drugs

Psychotherapy

Oct. 13, 2016
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Encopresis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  2. Sood MR. Functional fecal incontinence: Definition, clinical manifestations, and evaluation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 8, 2016.
  3. Sood MR. Chronic functional constipation and fecal incontinence in infants and children: Treatment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 8, 2016.
  4. Turner TL, et al. Toilet training. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Aug. 8, 2016.
  5. Tabbers MM, et al. Evaluation and treatment of functional constipation in infants and children: Evidence-based recommendations for ESPGHAN and NASPGHAN. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition. 2014;58:258.
  6. Nurko S, et al. Evaluation and treatment of constipation in children and adolescents. American Family Physician. 2014;90:82.
  7. Encopresis. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed Aug. 8, 2016.
  8. Manini ML (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 12, 2016.