In-depth

Symptoms

Headache

Heart palpitations

Heart palpitations are skipped, fluttering or racing heartbeats that aren't usually a symptom of a serious heart problem. Discover the causes and symptoms of this condition.

Shortness of breath

Tests and diagnosis

Chest X-rays

CT scan

Echocardiogram

Electrocardiogram

MRI

MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within your body.

Jan. 26, 2016
References
  1. Connolly HM. Evaluation and prognosis of Eisenmenger syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 20, 2015.
  2. Connolly HM. Medical management of Eisenmenger syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 20, 2015.
  3. Warnes CA, et al. ACC/AHA 2008 guidelines for the management of adults with congenital heart disease. Circulation. 2008;118:e714.
  4. Gatzoulis MA, et al., eds. Eisenmenger syndrome. In: Diagnosis and Management of Adult Congenital Heart Disease. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.
  5. Ferri FF. Ventricular septal defect. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2016. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.
  6. Gatzoulis MA, et al. Pulmonary arterial hypertension associated with congenital heart disease: Recent advances and future directions. International Journal of Cardiology. 2014;177:340.
  7. Opotowsky AR, et al. The exceptional and far-flung manifestations of heart failure in Eisenmenger syndrome. Heart Failure Clinics. 2014;177:340.
  8. Birth control methods. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/birth-control-methods.cfm. Accessed Oct. 25, 2015.
  9. Bonow RO, et al. Congenital heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.
  10. Burton MJ, et al. Infective endocarditis prevention: Update on 2007 guidelines. The American Journal of Medicine. 2007;11:484.
  11. The impact of congenital heart disease. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/CongenitalHeartDefects/TheImpactofCongenitalHeartDefects/The-Impact-of-Congenital-Heart-Defects_UCM_001218_Article.jsp#.Vi1_O36rTIU. Accessed Oct. 25, 2015.
  12. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Sept. 2, 2015.
  13. Connolly HM. Medical management of cyanotic congenital heart disease in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 24, 2015.
  14. D'Alto M, et al. Pulmonary hypertension in adults with congenital heart disease and Eisenmenger syndrome: Current advanced management strategies. Heart. 2014;100:1322.
  15. Grogan M (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 7, 2015.