Tests and diagnosis

By Mayo Clinic Staff

There's no one test that can diagnose dyslexia. Your child's doctor will consider a number of things, such as:

  • Answers to a number of questions. These will likely include questions about your child's development, education and medical history. The doctor may also want to know about any conditions that run in your child's family, and may ask if any family members have a learning disability.
  • Questionnaires. Your child's doctor may have your child, family members or teachers answer written questions. Your child may be asked to take tests to identify his or her reading and language abilities.
  • Vision, hearing and brain (neurological) tests. These can help determine whether another disorder may be causing or adding to your child's poor reading ability.
  • Psychological testing. The doctor may ask you or your child questions to better understand your child's psychological state. This can help determine whether social problems, anxiety or depression may be limiting your child's abilities.
  • Testing reading and other academic skills. Your child may take a set of educational tests and have the process and quality of his or her reading skills analyzed by a reading expert.
Aug. 23, 2011