There's no one test that can diagnose dyslexia. Your child's doctor will consider a number of factors, such as:
Aug. 08, 2014
- Your child's development, educational issues and medical history. Your doctor will likely ask you questions about these areas. The doctor will likely also want to know about any conditions that run in your child's family, including whether any family members have a learning disability.
- Your child's home life. The doctor may ask for a description of your family and home life, including who lives at home and whether there are any problems at home.
- Questionnaires. Your child's doctor may have your child, family members or teachers answer written questions. Your child may be asked to take tests to identify reading and language abilities.
- Vision, hearing and brain (neurological) tests. These can help determine whether another disorder may be causing or adding to your child's poor reading ability.
- Psychological testing. The doctor may ask you or your child questions to better understand your child's psychological state. This can help determine whether social problems, anxiety or depression may be limiting your child's abilities.
- Testing reading and other academic skills. Your child may take a set of educational tests and have the process and quality of reading skills analyzed by a reading expert.
- NINDS dyslexia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dyslexia/dyslexia.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- American Academy of Pediatrics. Joint statement — Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision. Pediatrics. 2009;124:837.
- Language-based learning disabilities. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/LBLD.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Information and resources for adolescents and adults with dyslexia — It's never too late. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- What are the signs of dyslexia? International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/SignsofDyslexiaCombined.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Dyslexia basics. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) and dyslexia. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Hoecker JL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 23, 2014.
- Tervo RC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 27, 2014.
- Handler SM, et al. Learning disabilities, dyslexia and vision. Pediatrics. 2011;127:e818.