Dyslexia can lead to a number of problems, including:
- Trouble learning. Because reading is a skill basic to most other school subjects, a child with dyslexia is at a disadvantage in most classes and may have trouble keeping up with peers.
- Social problems. Left untreated, dyslexia may lead to low self-esteem, behavior problems, anxiety, aggression, and withdrawal from friends, parents and teachers.
- Problems as adults. The inability to read and comprehend can prevent a child from reaching his or her potential as the child grows up. This can have long-term educational, social and economic consequences.
Children who have dyslexia are at increased risk of having attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), and vice versa. ADHD can cause difficulty sustaining attention as well as hyperactivity and impulsive behavior, which can make dyslexia harder to treat.
Aug. 08, 2014
- NINDS dyslexia information page. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/dyslexia/dyslexia.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- American Academy of Pediatrics. Joint statement — Learning disabilities, dyslexia, and vision. Pediatrics. 2009;124:837.
- Language-based learning disabilities. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association. http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/LBLD.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Information and resources for adolescents and adults with dyslexia — It's never too late. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- What are the signs of dyslexia? International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/SignsofDyslexiaCombined.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Dyslexia basics. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (AD/HD) and dyslexia. International Dyslexia Association. http://www.interdys.org/FactSheets.htm. Accessed June 5, 2014.
- Hoecker JL (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 23, 2014.
- Tervo RC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 27, 2014.
- Handler SM, et al. Learning disabilities, dyslexia and vision. Pediatrics. 2011;127:e818.
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