Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between an artery and the tough covering over the brain or spinal cord (dura) and a draining vein. Abnormal passageways between arteries and veins (arteriovenous fistulas) may occur in the brain, spinal cord or other areas of your body.
Dec. 03, 2014
- Arteriovenous fistula. The Merck Manual Professional Edition. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/cardiovascular_disorders/peripheral_venous_disorders/arteriovenous_fistula.html. Accessed Sept. 25, 2014.
- Ghobrial GM, et al. Dural arteriovenous fistulas: A review of the literature and a presentation of a single institution's experience. World Neurosurgery. 2013;80:94.
- Riggin EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 25, 2014.
- Eisen A. Disorders affecting the spinal cord. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Sept. 25, 2014.
- What is an arteriovenous malformation (AVM)? American Stroke Association. http://www.strokeassociation.org/STROKEORG/AboutStroke/TypesofStroke/HemorrhagicBleeds/What-Is-an-Arteriovenous-Malformation-AVM_UCM_310099_Article.jsp. Accessed Sept. 25, 2014.
- Rammos S, et al. Endovascular management of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulae. Neurosurgery Clinics of North America. 2014;25:539.
- Lanzino G, et al. Endovascular treatment of intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas. World Neurosurgery. In press. Accessed Sept. 25, 2014.