Treatments and drugs

By Mayo Clinic Staff

Early intervention for infants and children with Down syndrome can make a major difference in realizing their potential abilities and in their quality of life.

Early intervention programs

Ask your health care provider about early intervention programs in your area. Available in most states, these special programs offer children with Down syndrome stimulation at an early age with appropriate sensory, motor and cognitive activities.

Programs may vary, but they usually involve therapists and special educators whose goal is to help your baby develop motor skills, language, social skills and self-help skills.

Team care

If your child has Down syndrome, you'll likely rely on a team of specialists that, depending on your child's particular needs, will provide your child's medical care and help him or her develop skills as fully as possible. Your team may include some of these experts:

  • Primary care pediatrician to coordinate and provide routine childhood care
  • Pediatric cardiologist
  • Pediatric gastroenterologist
  • Pediatric endocrinologist
  • Developmental pediatrician
  • Pediatric neurologist
  • Pediatric ear, nose and throat (ENT) specialist
  • Pediatric eye doctor (ophthalmologist)
  • Audiologist
  • Physical therapist
  • Speech pathologist
  • Occupational therapist
April 19, 2014