Preparing for your appointment

You're likely to start by seeing your primary care provider. You might be referred to a doctor who specializes in conditions affecting the female reproductive tract (gynecologist) or a doctor who specializes in reproductive hormones and optimizing fertility (reproductive endocrinologist).

What you can do

To prepare for your appointment:

  • Ask if there's anything you need to do in advance to prepare for any possible tests.
  • Make a list of any menstrual symptoms you've had and for how long.
  • Make a list of your key medical information, including any other conditions for which you're being treated and the names of any medications, vitamins, herbs or supplements you're taking.
  • Take a family member or friend along, if possible, to help you remember everything.
  • Make a list of questions to ask your doctor to help you make the most of your visit.

Some basic questions to ask your doctor include:

  • What is the most likely cause of my signs and symptoms?
  • Are there any other possible causes?
  • What treatment approach do you recommend, if any?
  • Am I a candidate for surgical treatment? Why or why not?
  • Am I at increased risk of problems during pregnancy?
  • What options are available to improve my chances of a successful pregnancy, if necessary?
  • Should I see a specialist?
  • Are there any brochures or other printed materials that I can have? What websites do you recommend?

What to expect from your doctor

Your doctor is likely to ask you a number of questions. Being ready to answer them may reserve time to go over any points you want to spend more time on. Your doctor may ask:

  • What are your signs and symptoms, and when did you first notice them?
  • Are your signs and symptoms continuous, or do they come and go?
  • Do you menstruate regularly?
  • What is a typical menstrual period like for you?
  • Have you ever been pregnant?
  • If you have been pregnant, what was the outcome?
  • Do you hope to have biological children in the future?
  • Are you currently being treated or have you recently been treated for any other medical conditions?