Dislocations can occur in contact sports, such as football and hockey, and in sports that may involve falls, such as downhill skiing, gymnastics and volleyball. Basketball players and football players also commonly dislocate joints in their fingers and hands by accidentally striking the ball, the ground or another player.
A hard blow to a joint during a motor vehicle accident is another common cause of dislocation, as is landing on an outstretched arm during a fall.
Jan. 25, 2014
- Marx JA, et al. Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2014. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Sherman SC. Shoulder dislocation and reduction. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Joshi SV. Digit dislocation reduction. http://www.update.com/home. Accessed July 31, 2013.
- Elbow dislocation. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00029. Accessed Aug. 1, 2013.
- Laskowski ER (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Aug. 6, 2013.
- Moore BR, et al. Recognition and initial management of lateral patellar dislocation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Aug. 1, 2013.
- Canale ST, et al. Campbell's Operative Orthopaedics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Mosby Elsevier; 2013. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Aug. 1, 2013.