Risk factorsBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Dilated cardiomyopathy most commonly occurs in men, ages 20 to 60. Other risk factors include:
April 28, 2017
- High blood pressure (hypertension)
- Coronary artery disease
- Damage to the heart muscle from a heart attack
- Family history of dilated cardiomyopathy
- Certain chemotherapy drugs and radiation for treating cancer
- Cocaine use
- Viral or bacterial infections of the heart muscle
- Metabolic disorders, such as thyroid disease or diabetes
- Diseases that can damage the heart, including hemochromatosis and sarcoidosis
- Nutritional deficiencies of essential vitamins and minerals, such as selenium
- Inflammation of heart muscle from immune system disorders, such as lupus
- Metals and other toxic compounds, such as lead, mercury and arsenic
- Neuromuscular disorders, such as muscular dystrophy
- HIV infection
- Cardiomyopathy. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/dci/Diseases/cm/cm_all.html. Accessed June 18, 2014.
- Weigner M, et al. Causes of dilated cardiomyopathy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 18, 2014.
- Colucci WS. Evaluation of the patient with heart failure or cardiomyopathy. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 18, 2014.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/Cardiomyopathy/Dilated-Cardiomyopathy_UCM_444187_Article.jsp. Accessed June 18, 2014.
- Dilated cardiomyopathy. American Stroke Association. http://www.strokeassociation.org/idc/groups/heart-public/@wcm/@hcm/documents/downloadable/ucm_312224.pdf. Accessed June 18, 2014.