Mayo Clinic uses several diagnostic tests to identify diabetic nephropathy and other kidney problems. These include:
- Blood tests. You will need blood tests to monitor your diabetes and determine how well your kidneys are working.
- Urinalysis. Urine samples provide information about your kidney function and whether there are high levels of a protein called microalbumin in your urine.
- Renal imaging. Specialists may use ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to determine how well blood is circulating within your kidneys. X-rays may be used to detect whether your kidneys have structural abnormalities.
- Renal function testing. Doctors can assess your kidneys' filtering capacity using renal analysis testing. Mayo Clinic offers exceptionally precise measurement of the glomerular filtration rate — a very accurate measure of overall renal function.
- Kidney biopsy. Doctors may want to examine your kidney tissue. For this procedure, a needle is used to extract small pieces of kidney tissue for examination under a microscope.
Read more about urinalysis, ultrasound, MRI and kidney biopsy.
May 28, 2014
- Alpern RJ, et al. Seldin and Giebisch's The Kidney. 5th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2013. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Kidney disease and diabetes. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/Kidney-Disease-Diabetes_UCM_313867_Article.jsp. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Kidney disease (nephropathy). American Diabetes Association. http://www.diabetes.org/living-with-diabetes/complications/kidney-disease-nephropathy.html. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Taal MW, et al. Brenner and Rector's The Kidney. 9th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Fatehi P, et al. Diagnostic approach to the patient with acute kidney injury (acute renal failure) or chronic kidney disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 17, 2014.
- Riggin EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 17, 2014.
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