Your risk of developing diabetic hyperosmolar syndrome might be higher if you:

  • Have type 2 diabetes. If you don't monitor your blood sugar or you don't yet know you have type 2 diabetes, your risk is higher.
  • Are older than age 65.
  • Have another chronic health condition, such as congestive heart failure or kidney disease.
  • Have an infection, such as pneumonia, a urinary tract infection or a virus, which causes your blood sugar levels to rise.
  • Take certain medications. Some drugs — such as corticosteroids (prednisone), diuretics (hydrochlorothiazide and chlorthalidone) and the anti-seizure medication phenytoin (Dilantin).
April 11, 2015