While anyone can develop depersonalization-derealization disorder, you're at increased risk if:
- Your personality has traits that make you want to avoid or deny difficult situations or you have trouble adapting to difficult situations
- You've been involved in or witnessed a traumatic or abusive experience
- You're in your mid- to late teens or early adulthood — depersonalization-derealization disorder is rare in children and older adults
Even if you don't have depersonalization-derealization disorder, feelings of depersonalization or derealization can be triggered by:
May 24, 2014
- Having other mental health disorders, such as depression or anxiety
- Using substances, such as hallucinogens or marijuana
- Having physical or medical conditions, such as seizures or a head injury
- Depersonalization/derealization disorder. In: Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-5. 5th ed. Arlington, Va.: American Psychiatric Association; 2013. http://www.psychiatryonline.org. Accessed March 18, 2014.
- Highlights of changes from DSM-IV-TR to DSM-5. American Psychiatric Association. http://www.dsm5.org/Pages/Default.aspx. Accessed March 23. 2013.
- Somer E, et al. Evidence-based treatment for depersonalisation-derealisation disorder (DPRD). BMC Psychology. 2013;1:20.
- Simeon D. Depersonalization derealization disorder: Epidemiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, course, and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 24, 2014.
- Simeon D. Treatment of depersonalization derealization disorder. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 24, 2014.
- Palmer BA (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 1, 2014.