Convergence insufficiency occurs when your eyes don't work together while you're trying to focus on a nearby object. When you read or look at a close object, your eyes need to turn inward together (converge) to focus. This gives you binocular vision, enabling you to see a single image.
Convergence insufficiency can cause difficulty with reading. This may make parents or teachers suspect that a child has a learning disability, instead of an eye disorder.
Treatments for convergence insufficiency are usually effective.
June 20, 2014
- Convergence insufficiency. American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. http://www.aapos.org/terms/show/38. Accessed Feb. 7, 2014.
- Scheiman M, et al. Non-surgical interventions for convergence insufficiency. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD006768.pub2/abstract. Accessed Feb. 7, 2014.
- Borsting E, et al. Improvement in academic behaviors after successful treatment of convergence insufficiency. Optometry and Vision Science. 2012;89:12.
- Westman M, et al. Relief of asthenopic symptoms with orthoptic exercises in convergence insufficiency is achieved in both adults and children. Journal of Optometry. 2012;5:62.
You Are ... The Campaign for Mayo Clinic
Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. Make a difference today.