Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people.
In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals, or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.
Learn more about appointments at Mayo Clinic.
Please contact your insurance company to verify medical coverage and to obtain any needed authorization prior to your visit. Often, your insurer's customer service number is printed on the back of your insurance card.
Oct. 19, 2016
- Constipation. National Digestive Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://digestive.niddk.nih.gov/ddiseases/pubs/constipation/index.aspx. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- U.S. News best hospitals 2015-2016. U.S. News & World Report. http://health.usnews.com/best-hospitals/rankings/gastroenterology-and-gi-surgery. Accessed April 6, 2016.
- Bharucha AE, et al. American Gastroenterological Association Medical Position Statement on Constipation. Gastroenterology. 2013;144:211.
- Rakel D. Constipation. In: Integrative Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- Feldman M, et al. Constipation. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and U.S. Department of Agriculture. http://health.gov/dietaryguidelines/2015/guidelines. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- Wald A. Etiology and evaluation of chronic constipation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- Wald A. Management of chronic constipation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 17, 2016.
- Brown AY. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 4, 2016.
- Picco MF (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Jacksonville, Fla. August 7, 2016.