In-depth

Complications

Fetal alcohol syndrome

Fetal alcohol syndrome is a group of irreversible birth defects related to alcohol consumption. The more a pregnant woman drinks, the greater the risk.

Pericardial effusion

Pericardial effusion, the accumulation of excess fluid in the sac-like structure around the heart, can decrease heart function and can be life-threatening.

Pulmonary edema

Pulmonary edema occurs when air sacs in the lungs fill with fluid. It's often a life-threatening emergency.

Symptoms

Edema

Edema — swelling caused by excess fluid in tissues — can affect any part of your body. Treating the underlying cause is key to resolving edema.

Shortness of breath

Shortness of breath can be frightening. Most of the time, a heart or lung condition is the cause.

Tests and diagnosis

Cardiac catheterization

Cardiac catheterization is used as a test for some heart conditions and as a procedure to treat some types of heart disease. Find out more.

Chest X-rays

Even with today's high-tech medical devices, the basic chest X-ray remains an important tool in diagnosing various conditions. Here's a look at how it works.

Echocardiogram

Echocardiogram allows your doctor to see your heart in motion. Here's what you need to know about the test.

Electrocardiogram

An electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) is a test that provides valuable clues about your heart health. Here's what you need to know about the test.

Treatments and drugs

Heart transplant

A heart transplant can help both adults and children with severe heart problems who don't benefit from other treatment options.

Oct. 02, 2012