In-depth

Causes

Traumatic brain injury

While mild traumatic brain injury generally results in few long-term problems, more severe injury can cause several physical, emotional, behavioral, communication and cognitive problems.

Prevention

Fall prevention

Concerned about falls? Don't let your fear take over. Take charge with six simple fall-prevention strategies.

Fall safety for kids

In the course of their daily adventures, children have plenty of opportunities to fall down. These simple precautions can help keep your child safe.

Risk factors

Depression

Symptoms

Amnesia

Fatigue

Headache

Nausea and vomiting

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

Concussion testing

CT scan

Feb. 10, 2017
References
  1. Evans RW. Concussion and mild traumatic brain injury. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  2. Sprouse RA, et al. Sport-related concussion: How best to help young athletes. The Journal of Family Practice. 2016;65:538.
  3. Concussion: What can I do to feel better after a concussion? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/recovery.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  4. Signs and symptoms. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/traumaticbraininjury/symptoms.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  5. What is a concussion? Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/headsup/basics/concussion_whatis.html. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  6. Head injury. American Academy of Pediatrics. http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/injuries-emergencies/Pages/Head-Injury.aspx. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  7. Schutzman S. Minor head trauma in infants and children. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  8. Giza CC, et al. Summary of evidence-based guideline update: Evaluation and management of concussion in sports: Report of the Guideline Development Subcommittee of the American Academy of Neurology. Neurology. 2013;80:2250.
  9. McCrory P, et al. Consensus statement on concussion in sport: The 4th International Conference on Concussion in Sport held in Zurich, November 2012. Journal of Athletic Training. 2013;48:554.
  10. Leibson CL, et al. Incidence of traumatic brain injury across the full disease spectrum: A population-based medical record review study. Epidemiology. 2011;22:836.
  11. Olympia RB, et al. Return to learning after a concussion and compliance with recommendations for cognitive rest. Clinical Journal of Sports Medicine. 2015;26:115.
  12. Neurological diagnostic tests and procedures. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/misc/diagnostic_tests.htm. Accessed Oct. 2, 2016.
  13. Brown AW (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 21, 2016.
  14. Heads up: Facts for physicians about mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/concussion/HeadsUp/physicians_tool_kit.html. Accessed Oct. 13, 2016.
  15. Prideaux CC (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Nov. 1, 2016.
  16. Riggin, E. EPSi. Nov. 10, 2016