In-depth

Alternative medicine

Acupuncture


Integrative approaches to treating pain

Definition

Understanding pain

Lifestyle and home remedies

Lifestyle strategies for pain management

Nutrition and pain

Self-care approaches to treating pain

Symptoms

Painful intercourse (dyspareunia)

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

CT scan

MRI

Ultrasound

X-ray

Treatments and drugs

Pain rehabilitation

Treating pain: Conventional medical care

Treating pain: Overview

May 04, 2017
References
  1. Howard F. Causes of chronic pelvic pain in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  2. Howard F. Treatment of chronic pelvic pain in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  3. AskMayoExpert. Pelvic pain. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  4. Elkadry E, et al Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of myofascial pelvic pain syndrome in women. Evaluation of chronic pelvic pain in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 12, 2016.
  5. Frequently asked questions. Gynecologic problems FAQ099. Chronic pelvic pain. American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. http://www.acog.org/~/media/For%20Patients/faq099.pdf?dmc=1&ts=20130418T1809515975. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  6. Howard F. Evaluation of chronic pelvic pain in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  7. Interstitial cystitis/painful bladder syndrome. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse. http://kidney.niddk.nih.gov/kudiseases/pubs/interstitialcystitis/index.htm. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  8. Carinci AJ. Complementary and alternative treatments for chronic pelvic pain. Current Pain and Headache Reports. 2013;17:316.
  9. Cheong YC, et al. Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/wol1/doi/10.1002/14651858.CD008797.pub2/abstract. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  10. Relaxation techniques for health: An introduction. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. http://nccam.nih.gov/sites/nccam.nih.gov/files/relaxation_introduction.pdf.Accessed April 8, 2016.
  11. AskMayoExpert. Endometriosis. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
  12. Endometriosis. Womenshealth.gov. http://www.womenshealth.gov/publications/our-publications/fact-sheet/endometriosis.html. Accessed April 12, 2016.
  13. AskMayoExpert. Painful bladder syndrome. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  14. Kotarinos RK. Pelvic floor physical therapy for management of myofascial pelvic pain syndrome in women. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  15. Hunter C, et al. Neuromodulation of pelvic visceral pain: Review of the literature and case series of potential novel targets for treatment. Pain Practice. 2013;13:3.
  16. Acupuncture: In-depth. National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine. https://nccih.nih.gov/health/acupuncture/introduction. Accessed April 8, 2016.
  17. Speer LM, et al. Chronic pelvic pain in women. American Family Physician. 2016;93:380.
  18. Engeler D, et al. Guidelines on chronic pelvic pain. European Association of Urology. http://uroweb.org/wp-content/uploads/EAU-Guidelines-Chronic-Pelvic-Pain-2015.pdf. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  19. Butler Tobah YS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Feb. 23, 2017.