My daughter has asthma. Should we replace the carpeting in our home with vinyl or wood flooring?
Answers from James T C Li, M.D., Ph.D.
Reducing exposure to asthma triggers is one of the most important steps you can take to prevent asthma flare-ups.
Carpeting can be a reservoir for allergy-causing substances (allergens) that trigger asthma. Carpeting in the bedroom can be especially problematic because it exposes you to carpet dust throughout the night. Hard-surface flooring such as vinyl, tile or wood is much easier to keep free of dust mites, pollen, pet dander and other allergens.
Steam cleaning carpet on a regular basis can help reduce the presence of dust mites and other allergens in your home. If that isn't enough, replacing carpeting with hard flooring may be a good idea.
If you do put in hard flooring, keep in mind that all synthetic flooring initially releases gasses known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can worsen asthma. In most cases, products stop releasing VOCs after several days. However, some products release more VOCs than others do. You may want to look into low-VOC flooring if this is a concern.
It might be worthwhile having your daughter see an allergist for allergy skin testing. There may be individualized steps you can take to reduce allergen exposure once you know exactly what your daughter is allergic to.
April 27, 2016
- Adkinson NF, et al. Allergen control for the prevention and management of allergic diseases. In: Middleton's Allergy: Principles and Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 16, 2016.
- Bailey W, et al. Trigger control to enhance asthma management. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 16, 2016.
- Platts-Mills TAE. Allergen avoidance in the treatment of asthma and allergic rhinitis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 16, 2016.
- Volatile organic compounds in your home. Minnesota Department of Health. http://www.health.state.mn.us/divs/eh/indoorair/voc/. Accessed March 16, 2016.
- Indoor environmental quality. The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/topics/indoorenv/chemicalsodors.html. Accessed March 16, 2016.