Self-management

Lifestyle and home remedies

Chilblains usually clear up in one to three weeks after cold exposure. In the meantime, you can take steps to ease your signs and symptoms, including:

  • Rewarming affected skin gently, without massaging, rubbing or applying direct heat
  • Avoiding cold exposure whenever possible
  • Keeping your affected skin dry and warm, but away from sources of heat
  • Applying lotion to alleviate itching
  • Making sure the affected skin is cleaned with an antiseptic and gently bandaged to prevent infection
  • Avoiding scratching

Prevention

To prevent chilblains:

  • Avoid or limit your exposure to cold.
  • Dress in layers of loose clothing and wear mittens and warm, water-resistant footwear.
  • Cover all exposed skin as completely as possible when going outside in cold weather.
  • Keep your hands, feet and face dry and warm.
  • Keep your home and workplace comfortably warm.
  • Don't smoke.

If your skin is exposed to cold, it's helpful to rewarm it gradually because sudden rewarming of cold skin may worsen chilblains.