Treatment

For adults whose chilblains don't clear up with home remedies, treatment may include prescription drugs:

  • Topical corticosteroid. A corticosteroid such as triamcinolone 0.1 percent cream is applied to the affected area.
  • Blood pressure medicine. A blood pressure lowering drug called nifedipine (Procardia). It can help open up blood vessels.
Dec. 10, 2015
References
  1. AskMayoExpert. Chilblains. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2015.
  2. Kroshinsky D. Pernio (chilblains). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Oct. 6, 2015.
  3. Danzl DF. Nonfreezing tissue injuries. Merck Manuals Professional Edition. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/injuries-poisoning/cold-injury/nonfreezing-tissue-injuries. Accessed Oct. 6, 2015.
  4. Winter weather frequently asked questions. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.bt.cdc.gov/disasters/winter/faq.asp#frostbite. Accessed Oct. 14, 2015.
  5. Bope ET, et al. Physical and chemical injuries. In: Conn's Current Therapy 2015. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015.
  6. Goldsmith LA, et al., eds. Cold injuries. In: Fitzpatrick's Dermatology in General Medicine. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed Oct. 6, 2012.
  7. Prakask S, et al. Idiopathic chilblains. The American Journal of Medicine. 2009;122:1152.
  8. Tintinalli JE, et al. Frostbite and other localized cold injuries. Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2011.
  9. Cappel JA, et al. Clinical characteristics, etiologic associations, laboratory findings, treatment and proposal of diagnostic criteria of pernio (chilblains) in a series of 104 patients at Mayo Clinic, 2000 to 2011. Mayo Clinic Proceedings. 2014;89:207.
  10. Chilblains. Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists. http://www.scpod.org/foot-health/common-foot-problems/chilblains/. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.