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Sept. 29, 2016
References
  1. Chiari malformation fact sheet. National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. http://www.ninds.nih.gov/disorders/chiari/detail_chiari.htm. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  2. Tubbs RS, et al. The Chiari malformations and syringohydromyelia. In: Principles of Neurological Surgery. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  3. Khoury C. Chiari malformations. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  4. Ropper AH, et al. Developmental diseases of the nervous system. In: Adams & Victor's Principles of Neurology. 10th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2014. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  5. Chiari malformation. American Association of Neurological Surgeons. http://www.aans.org/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Chiari%20Malformation.aspx. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  6. Tubbs RS, et al. Chiari malformations. In: Youmans Neurological Surgery. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2011. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  7. Heiss J, et al. Management of Chiari malformations and syringomyelia. In: Schmidek and Sweet's Operative Neurosurgical Techniques. 6th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 19, 2016.
  8. Riggin EA. Decision Support System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. May 10, 2016.