It's not clear what causes signs and symptoms of memory problems in cancer survivors. Cancer-related causes could include:

Cancer treatments

  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormone therapy
  • Immunotherapy
  • Radiation therapy
  • Stem cell transplant
  • Surgery

Complications of cancer treatment

  • Anemia
  • Fatigue
  • Infection
  • Menopause (associated with hormone therapy)
  • Nutritional deficiencies
  • Sleep problems, such as insomnia

Emotional reactions to cancer diagnosis and treatment

  • Anxiety
  • Depression

Other causes

  • Inherited susceptibility to chemo brain
  • Medications for other cancer-related signs and symptoms, such as pain medications
Feb. 02, 2013