Central nervous system vascular malformations are rare abnormalities of blood vessels in your brain or spinal cord and their membranes.

Types

Mayo Clinic doctors trained in nervous system conditions treat all types of central nervous system vascular malformations, including:

  • Arteriovenous malformations. A brain (intracranial) arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal tangle of blood vessels in your brain.
  • Capillary telangiectasias. Capillary telangiectasias are small dilated blood vessels (capillaries).
  • Cavernous malformations.. Cavernous malformations are abnormally formed blood vessels in your brain or spinal cord that have the appearance of a mulberry.
  • Dural arteriovenous fistulas.. Dural arteriovenous fistulas are abnormal connections between arteries and the tough covering over the brain or spinal cord (dura) and a draining vein.
  • Spinal arteriovenous malformations.. A spinal arteriovenous malformation is an abnormal tangle of blood vessels on, in or near your spinal cord.
  • Venous malformations.. Venous malformations are abnormally enlarged veins in your brain or spinal cord.
  • Teamwork. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in nervous system conditions (neurologists); brain, spine and peripheral nerve surgery (neurosurgeons); hereditary conditions (medical geneticists); radiology; radiation oncology; and other specialties work together as a team to care for people who have central nervous system vascular malformations and other neurological conditions.

    Doctors trained in pediatric neurology treat children at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

  • Ongoing research. Doctors remain at the forefront of research to refine and improve diagnostic testing and treatment options for central nervous system vascular malformations.
  • Technology. Mayo Clinic doctors use an extensive amount of technology, including advanced imaging tests, to diagnose your condition.
  • Treatment expertise. Mayo Clinic offers a variety of treatment options, including stereotactic radiosurgery and endovascular procedures. Your doctor will work with you to create an individualized treatment plan to help you manage your condition.
  • Efficiency. In Mayo Clinic's efficient system, your testing and treatment can be done in days, not weeks.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., ranks #1 for neurology and neurosurgery and for ear, nose & throat in the U.S. News & World Report Best Hospitals rankings. Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals in neurology & neurosurgery.

At Mayo Clinic, we assemble a team of specialists who take the time to listen and thoroughly understand your health issues and concerns. We tailor the care you receive to your personal health care needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service.

Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit medical institution that reinvests all earnings into improving medical practice, research and education. We're constantly involved in innovation and medical research, finding solutions to improve your care and quality of life. Your doctor or someone on your medical team is likely involved in research related to your condition.

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Why Choose Mayo Clinic

What Sets Mayo Clinic Apart

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Multiple specialists at Mayo Clinic's Vascular Malformation Clinic in Arizona combine their experience and expertise to treat people who have central nervous system vascular malformations at Mayo Clinic in Arizona.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 800-446-2279 (toll-free) 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in neurology and other areas treat people who have central nervous system vascular malformations at Mayo Clinic in Florida.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 904-953-0853 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in neurology and other areas treat people who have central nervous system vascular malformations at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in pediatric neurology and pediatrics treat children who have central nervous system vascular malformations at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

Children requiring hospitalization are cared for in Mayo Eugenio Litta Children's Hospital at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.

Mayo Clinic doctors trained in nervous system conditions (neurologists), nerve surgery (neurosurgeons) and other specialties actively study central nervous system vascular malformations and other neurological conditions. Researchers in basic and clinical science study risks, causes, diagnostic techniques and promising new treatments for central nervous system vascular malformations.

Learn more on the neurology research website and the neurosurgery research website.

Publications

See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic doctors on central nervous system vascular malformations on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Apr. 19, 2014