DefinitionBy Mayo Clinic Staff
Castleman disease is a rare disorder that involves an overgrowth (proliferation) of cells in your body's disease-fighting network (lymphatic system). Also known as giant lymph node hyperplasia and angiofollicular lymph node hyperplasia, Castleman disease can occur in a localized (unicentric) or widespread (multicentric) form.
Treatment and outlook vary, depending on the type of Castleman disease you have. The localized type can usually be successfully treated with surgery.
Sometimes associated with HIV infection, multicentric Castleman disease can be life-threatening. Multicentric Castleman disease is also associated with other cell-proliferation disorders, including cancer of the lymphatic system (lymphoma), Kaposi's sarcoma and POEMS syndrome.
Aug. 27, 2014
- AskMayoExpert. What are the symptoms of Castleman disease? Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2014.
- Brown JR, et al. Unicentric Castleman's disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- Aster JC, et al. Multicentric Castleman's disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed July 14, 2014.
- Dispenzieri A, et al. The clinical spectrum of Castleman's disease. American Journal of Hematology. 2012;87:997.
- Fajgenbaum DC, et al. HHV-8-negative, idiopathic multicentric Castleman disease: Novel insights into biology, pathogenesis, and therapy. Blood. 2014;123:2924.
- Robinson D, et al. Clinical epidemiology and treatment patterns of patients with multicentric Castleman disease: Results from two US treatment centers. British Journal of Haematology. 2014;165:39.
- Talat N, et al. Surgery in Castleman's disease: A systematic review of 404 published cases. Annals of Surgery. 2012;255:677.