Brucellosis is very rare in the United States. Other parts of the world have much higher rates of brucellosis infection, especially:
- Around the Mediterranean Sea
- Eastern Europe
- Latin America
- The Caribbean
- The Middle East
People who live or travel in these areas are more likely to consume unpasteurized goat cheese, sometimes called village cheese. Unpasteurized goat cheese imported from Mexico has been linked to many cases of brucellosis in the United States.
Occupations at higher risk
People who work with animals or come into contact with infected blood are at higher risk of brucellosis. Examples include:
Jan. 02, 2014
- Dairy farmers
- Slaughterhouse workers
- Brucellosis. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. http://www.cdc.gov/brucellosis/index.html. Accessed June 25, 2013.
- Goldman L, et al. Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.mdconsult.com/das/book/body/191371208-2/0/1492/0.html#. Accessed June 25, 2013.
- Galinska EM, et al. Brucellosis in humans — etiology, diagnostics, clinical forms. Annals of Agricultural and Environmental Medicine. 2013;20:233.
- Yang X, et al. Progress in Brucella vaccine development. Frontiers in Biology. 2013;8:60.
- Bope ET, et al. Conn's Current Therapy. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2013. http://www.mdconsult.com/books/about.do?about=true&eid=$eid&isbn=978-1-4557-0295-4&uniqId=398813857-1936. Accessed June 25, 2013.
- Safe minimum cooking temperatures. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. http://www.foodsafety.gov/keep/charts/mintemp.html. Accessed July 3, 2013.
- Steckelberg JM (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. June 27, 2013.