Expert answers

Causes

Symptoms

April 11, 2017
References
  1. What is bronchitis? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/brnchi. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  2. Goldman L, et al. Acute bronchitis and tracheitis. Goldman's Cecil Medicine. 25th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  3. Bronchitis (chest cold). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/getsmart/community/for-patients/common-illnesses/bronchitis.html. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  4. Ferri FF. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Chronic cough. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  6. Stoller JK, et al. Management of infection in acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  7. Tintinalli JE, et al. Acute bronchitis and upper respiratory tract infections. In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 8th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw Hill Companies; 2016. http://accessmedicine.com. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  8. Acute bronchitis. American Lung Association. http://www.lung.org/lung-health-and-diseases/lung-disease-lookup/acute-bronchitis/learn-about-acute-bronchitis.html. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  9. Gautret P, et al. Travel-associated illness in older adults (>60 y). Journal of Travel Medicine. 2012;19:169.
  10. Antibiotics aren't always the answer. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/features/getsmart/. Accessed Jan. 9, 2017.
  11. Harris AM, et al. Appropriate antibiotic use for acute respiratory tract infection in adults: Advice for high-value care from the American College of Physicians and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Annals of Internal Medicine. 201;164:425.
  12. Jong EC, et al. Travel with chronic medical conditions. In: Travel and Tropical Medicine Manual.4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier, 2008.
  13. Fishwick D, et al. Occupational chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A standard of care. Occupational Medicine. 2015;65:270.
  14. Use and care of home humidifiers. Environmental Protection Agency. https://www.epa.gov/indoor-air-quality-iaq/indoor-air-facts-no-8-use-and-care-home-humidifiers. Accessed Jan. 10, 2017.