In-depth

Anaphylaxis

Anaphylaxis is the most serious type of allergic reaction. It often occurs rapidly after exposure to an allergen and may be life-threatening.

Bladder cancer

Bladder cancer is often diagnosed early — when it's most treatable. But even with successful treatment, bladder cancer survivors need follow-up tests for years to come.

Bladder stones

Bladder stones are small masses of minerals in your bladder — often forming as a result of an enlarged prostate, nerve damage or infection.

Churg-Strauss syndrome

Churg-Strauss syndrome is a rare disorder marked by blood vessel inflammation that affects organs throughout the body. Asthma is the most common sign.

CT scan

A CT scan is an imaging test that uses X-rays to produce detailed images of the inside of your body.

Cystitis

Cystitis is an inflammation of the urinary bladder. It's most often caused by a bacterial infection but may have other causes.

Cystoscopy

During cystoscopy, your doctor uses a special tool to look inside your bladder for abnormalities.

Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis affects your kidneys' filtering function. Complications include high blood pressure, protein in the urine (proteinuria) and kidney failure.

Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS)

Hemolytic uremic syndrome is an uncommon condition that can cause life-threatening kidney failure, especially for children and older adults.

Henoch-Schonlein purpura

Henoch-Schonlein purpura causes inflammation of small blood vessels (vasculitis) and often a purplish rash. It's most common in children ages 2 to 6.

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP)

Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura is a blood-clotting disorder that can lead to easy bruising and bleeding. Treatment depends on the severity of symptoms.

Kidney cancer

When kidney cancer is diagnosed and treated early, the chances for recovery are better.

MRI

MRI uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of the organs and tissues within your body.

Porphyria

Porphyria is a group of inherited disorders that result from buildup of natural chemicals call porphyrins, which can cause nervous system and skin problems.

Prostate cancer

Prostate cancer is a common cancer affecting men. But with early detection, you improve your chances of successful treatment.

Thrombocytopenia

Thrombocytopenia is the medical term for a low platelet count in the blood. It usually occurs as a side effect of a disease or medication.

Ultrasound

Ultrasound imaging uses high-frequency sound waves to create images of structures in your body.

Urinalysis

Urinalysis can be used to assess your overall health, detect a wide range of disorders, or monitor a medical condition or treatment.

Von Willebrand disease

Von Willebrand disease is an inherited bleeding condition caused by a deficit in or impairment of a protein essential for blood clotting.

Wegener's granulomatosis

Wegener's granulomatosis is an uncommon disease that causes blood vessel inflammation that can damage lungs, kidneys and other organs. Untreated, it can be fatal.

Wilms' tumor

Wilms' tumor is a rare kidney cancer that primarily affects children.

Aug. 29, 2014

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