In-depth

Causes

Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)

Symptoms

Abdominal pain

Find out what causes different types of abdominal pain.

Painful urination (dysuria)

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Urine color

Tests and diagnosis

Computerized tomography (CT) urogram

CT scan

Cystoscopy

Intravenous pyelogram

Ultrasound

Urinalysis

X-ray

Oct. 27, 2016
References
  1. McAninch JW, et al. Urinary stone disease. In: Smith & Tanagho's General Urology. 18th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2013. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  2. Urinary calculi. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary_disorders/urinary_calculi/urinary_calculi.html. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  3. What are kidney stones? American Urological Association. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  4. Tintinalli JE, et al. Urologic stone disease. In: Tintinalli's Emergency Medicine: A Comprehensive Study Guide. 7th ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw Hill Companies; 2011. http://www.accessmedicine.com. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  5. Wein AJ, et al., eds. Lower urinary tract calculi. In: Campbell-Walsh Urology. 11th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  6. Kidney and ureteral stones: Surgical management. American Urological Association. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=32. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  7. Curhan GC, et al. Diagnosis and acute management of suspected nephrolithiasis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  8. Rakel D. Urolithiasis. In: Integrative Medicine. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2012. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  9. What are the signs of kidney stones? American Urological Association. http://www.urologyhealth.org/urologic-conditions/kidney-stones/symptoms. Accessed June 21, 2016.
  10. Humphreys MR (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Phoenix, Ariz. June 30, 2016.
  11. Stones in the urinary tract. Merck Manual Consumer Version. http://www.merckmanuals.com/home/kidney-and-urinary-tract-disorders/stones-in-the-urinary-tract/stones-in-the-urinary-tract. Accessed June 21, 2016.