Half of all women experience a urinary tract infection during their lifetimes. The condition can be a serious health problem when it involves the kidneys.
Tests and diagnosis
During cystoscopy, your doctor uses a special tool to look inside your bladder for abnormalities.
An intravenous pyelogram is an imaging exam that may be used to help diagnose urinary tract disorders.
Prostate biopsy is the main method of detecting prostate cancer. Find out why it's done and what to expect.
A PSA test is used to screen men for the possibility of prostate cancer. Learn about the benefits and risks of this controversial test.
Urinalysis can be used to assess your overall health, detect a wide range of disorders, or monitor a medical condition or treatment.
Treatments and drugs
Open prostatectomy is one of several treatments to relieve urinary problems caused by an enlarged prostate. Here's how to prepare and what to expect.
Prostate laser surgery is a treatment to relieve urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate. Find out what to expect from this procedure.
Transurethral incision of the prostate (TUIP) — Minor surgery to treat enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Transurethral microwave therapy (TUMT) is a procedure to ease symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Transurethral needle ablation (TUNA) is a procedure to ease urinary symptoms caused by an enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP) is a common procedure used to treat enlarged prostate (benign prostatic hyperplasia).
Dec. 06, 2011
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- Meng MV, et al. Urologic Disorders. In: McPhee SJ, et al. Current Medical Diagnosis & Treatment 2012. 51st ed. New York, N.Y.: The McGraw-Hill Companies; 2012. http://www.accessmedicine.com/content.aspx?aID=11857. Accessed Oct. 11, 2011.
- Bushman W. Etiology, epidemiology and natural history. Urologic Clinics of North America. 2009;36:403.
- Cunningham GR, et al. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of benign prostatic hyperplasia. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Oct. 11, 2011.
- Cunningham GR, et al. Surgical and other invasive therapies of benign prostatic hyperplasia. http://www.uptodate.com/home/index.html. Accessed Oct. 11, 2011.
- Djavan B, et al. Benign prostatic hyperplasia: Current clinical practice. Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice. 2010;37:583.
- Clinical guidelines for management of BPH. Linthicum, Md.: American Urological Association. http://www.auanet.org/content/guidelines-and-quality-care/clinical-guidelines/main-reports/bph-management/chap_1_GuidelineManagementof%28BPH%29.pdf. Accessed Oct. 11, 2011.
- FDA approves Cialis to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia. U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/ucm274642.htm. Accessed Oct. 11, 2011.
- Gravas S, et al. Critical review of lasers in benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). BJU International. 2011;107:1030.
- Barry MJ, et al. Effect of increasing doses of saw palmetto extract on lower urinary tract symptoms. Journal of the American Medical Association. 2011;306:1344.
- Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Natural Medicines Comprehensive Database. http://www.naturaldatabase.com. Accessed Oct. 12, 2011.
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