Self-management

People with pressure sores might experience discomfort, pain, social isolation or depression. Talk with your care team about your needs for support and comfort. A social worker can help identify community groups that provide services, education and support for people dealing with long-term caregiving or terminal illness.

Parents or caregivers of children with pressure ulcers can talk with a child life specialist for help in coping with stressful health situations.

Family and friends of people living in assisted living facilities can be advocates for the residents and work with nursing staff to ensure proper preventive care.

You can help prevent bedsores by frequently repositioning yourself to avoid stress on the skin. Other strategies include taking good care of your skin, maintaining good nutrition and fluid intake, quitting smoking, managing stress, and exercising daily.

April 25, 2017
References
  1. Pressure ulcers. Merck Manual Professional Version. http://www.merck.com/mmpe/sec10/ch126/ch126a.html. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  2. Berlowitz D. Clinical staging and management of pressure-induced injury. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  3. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. How to prevent pressure ulcers. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2013.
  4. AskMayoExpert. Skin ulcers. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  5. Ferri FF. Pressure ulcers. In: Ferri's Clinical Advisor 2017. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2017. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  6. Barbara Woodward Lips Patient Education Center. How to manage pressure ulcers. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2013.
  7. Berlowitz D. Prevention of pressure ulcers. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  8. Tleyjeh I, et al. Infectious complications of pressure ulcers. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  9. Lebwohl MG, et al. Superficial and deep ulcers. In: Treatment of Skin Disease: Comprehensive Therapeutic Strategies. 4th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  10. National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel (NPUAP) announces a change in terminology from pressure ulcer to pressure injury and updates the stages of pressure injury. News release. www.npuap.org. Accessed April 13, 2016.
  11. Raetz J, et al. Common questions about pressure ulcers. American Family Physician. 2015;92:888.
  12. Berlowitz D. Epidemiology, pathogenesis and risk assessment of pressure ulcers. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.
  13. Gibson LE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Dec. 23, 2016.
  14. Pressure ulcer prevention. Rockville, Md.: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. https://www.guidelines.gov/summaries/summary/43935/pressure-ulcer-prevention-in-evidencebased-geriatric-nursing-protocols-for-best-practice?q=pressure+ulcer+prevention. Accessed Dec. 16, 2016.

Bedsores (pressure ulcers)