Factors that increase your risk of Barrett's esophagus include:

  • Chronic heartburn and acid reflux. Having these symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) for more than 10 years can increase the risk of Barrett's esophagus. Stomach acid that backs up into your esophagus if you have GERD can damage the esophageal tissue, causing the changes that signal Barrett's esophagus.
  • Being a man. Men are more likely to develop Barrett's esophagus.
  • Being white. White people have a greater risk of the disease than do people of other races.
  • Being an older adult. Barrett's esophagus is more common in older adults, but it can occur at any age.
May. 25, 2011