Asthma-friendly products: Do they help reduce symptoms?

Asthma-friendly products: Evaluate the claims before you spend your money. By Mayo Clinic Staff

If you have asthma, your doctor probably recommended that you take steps to control asthma triggers in your home. Purchasing asthma-friendly products may seem like a good step. However, you may be wondering if asthma-friendly products will help reduce your symptoms and if they're worth the cost.

Ranging from plush toys to vacuum cleaners, a number of manufacturers claim that their asthma-friendly products reduce asthma triggers better than other products. But often these claims aren't backed up with solid evidence. While there's no sure way to tell how much a particular product might help ease your asthma symptoms, here are some tips to keep in mind before spending your money.

Identify whether a product is likely to reduce your particular triggers

Each person's asthma is set off by certain pollutants or allergy-causing substances (allergens). Common household asthma triggers include:

  • Dust mites, which accumulate in carpet, upholstery and mattresses
  • Dander from pets such as cats, dogs and birds
  • Cockroaches
  • Indoor molds
  • Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) — gasses released by paints, carpets and other household products
  • Wood and tobacco smoke

Even if a product claims to reduce asthma-triggering substances, it will help you only if it limits your exposure to the particular things that trigger your symptoms. For example, if dust mites trigger your asthma, you may benefit from a mattress cover that helps contain or eliminate them. But buying paint that releases lower amounts of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the air might not be as important. Some products, such as air cleaners and washing machines, help remove several common asthma triggers.

If you're like most people with asthma, you have multiple triggers. If you're uncertain about which particular triggers affect you, your doctor may recommend allergy skin testing to identify them. This will give you a better idea about what household triggers you need to avoid.

Research before you spend your money

When deciding whether a product is worth purchasing, don't just rely on claims from the manufacturer. Look for objective product reviews. Use your own judgment and consider your doctor's advice about what products are likely to make a difference. Some places to get information before making a purchase include:

  • Your doctor or other health care professional
  • Online product reviews or discussions
  • Consumer Reports, a nonprofit organization that evaluates and rates products and services
  • Association of Home Appliance Manufacturers, an industry trade organization that tests and rates room air conditioners, dehumidifiers and room air cleaners
Jun. 04, 2013 See more In-depth