In-depth

Complications

Flu shots and heart disease

Symptoms

Fatigue

Heart murmurs

Heart palpitations

Heart palpitations are skipped, fluttering or racing heartbeats that aren't usually a symptom of a serious heart problem. Discover the causes and symptoms of this condition.

Shortness of breath

Tests and diagnosis

Cardiac catheterization

Chest X-rays

Echocardiogram

Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG)

Treatments and drugs

Aortic valve repair and aortic valve replacement

Heart valve surgery

Minimally invasive heart surgery

Aug. 02, 2017
References
  1. What is heart valve disease? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd. Accessed March 16, 2017.
  2. Problem: Aortic valve regurgitation. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Problem-Aortic-Valve-Regurgitation_UCM_450611_Article.jsp#.WNA5Ldjrvcs. Accessed March 16, 2017.
  3. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Valvular heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 16, 2017.
  4. Gaasch WH. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of chronic aortic regurgitation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 17, 2017.
  5. Gaasch WH. Natural history and management of chronic aortic valve regurgitation in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 17, 2017.
  6. Ruiz CE, et al. Transcatheter therapies for the treatment of valvular and paravalvular regurgitation in acquired and congenital valvular heart disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015;66:169.
  7. AskMayoExpert. Aortic valve regurgitation. Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2017.
  8. Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2014;148:e1.
  9. How can I make my lifestyle healthier? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/ToolsForYourHeartHealth/Answers-by-Heart-Fact-Sheets-Lifestyle-and-Risk-Reduction_UCM_300611_Article.jsp#.WC9socnFjVY. Accessed March 20, 2017.
  10. Daniels BK. Echo Information Management System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct 18, 2016.
  11. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 14, 2017.
  12. Lopez-Jimenez F (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. April 19, 2017.
  13. Braverman AC. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of bicuspid aortic valve in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed April 19, 2017.