Aortic valve disease is a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chamber of your heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to your body (aorta) doesn't work properly. Aortic valve disease sometimes may be a condition present at birth (congenital heart disease), or it may result from other causes.

Types of aortic valve disease include:

  • Aortic valve stenosis. In this condition, the aortic valve opening is narrowed. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which obstructs blood flow from your heart into your aorta and the rest of your body.
  • Aortic valve regurgitation. In this condition, the aortic valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to flow backward into the left ventricle.
  • Experience. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart and blood vessel conditions (cardiologists) and heart and blood vessel surgery (cardiac surgeons) have experience in evaluating and treating people with aortic valve disease and other types of heart valve disease.

    Mayo doctors evaluate and treat more than 15,900 people each year with aortic valve disease.

  • Collaboration. Mayo Clinic doctors collaborate as a multidisciplinary team to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
  • Treatment expertise. Mayo Clinic doctors and surgeons have expertise treating aortic valve disease with procedures including aortic valve repair (valvuloplasty), aortic valve replacement, balloon valvuloplasty and other types of heart valve surgery.

    Surgeons also perform minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves smaller incisions and often results in less pain and a quicker recovery. Mayo doctors have experience performing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a minimally invasive procedure to replace the aortic valve.

  • Diagnostic tools. Mayo Clinic cardiologists use many tests to accurately diagnose people with aortic valve disease. Tests may include echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization and others.
  • Research. Mayo Clinic doctors study potential diagnosis and treatment options for aortic valve disease and other heart valve diseases and conduct clinical trials.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals for heart and heart surgery.

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular and thoracic surgery treat people with aortic valve disease.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 800-446-2279 (toll-free) 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiothoracic surgery treat people with aortic valve disease.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 904-953-0853 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular surgery treat people with aortic valve disease.

For appointments or more information, call the Division of Cardiovascular Diseases at 507-284-3994 or the Division of Cardiovascular Surgery at 507-255-2000 from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in pediatric cardiology and cardiovascular surgery treat children with aortic valve disease at Mayo Clinic's campus in Rochester, Minnesota. Children needing hospitalization receive care at Mayo Eugenio Litta Children's Hospital at Mayo Clinic's campus in Minnesota.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.

Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart and blood vessel conditions (cardiologists) and heart and blood vessel surgery (cardiovascular surgeons) research diagnosis and treatment options for aortic valve disease. Read more about research in the Cardiovascular Research Center.

See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic doctors on aortic valve disease on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Aug. 15, 2014