Aortic valve disease is a condition in which the valve between the main pumping chamber of your heart (left ventricle) and the main artery to your body (aorta) doesn't work properly. Aortic valve disease sometimes may be a condition present at birth (congenital heart disease) or it may result from other causes.

Types of aortic valve disease include:

  • Aortic stenosis. In this condition, the aortic valve opening is narrowed.
  • Aortic regurgitation. In this condition, the aortic valve doesn't close properly, causing blood to flow backward into the left ventricle.
  • Experience. Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart and blood vessel conditions (cardiologists) and heart and blood vessel surgery (cardiovascular surgeons) have experience in evaluating and treating people who have aortic valve disease and other types of heart valve disease .
  • Diagnostic tools. Mayo Clinic cardiologists use many tests to accurately diagnose people who have aortic valve disease. Tests may include echocardiogram, electrocardiogram, cardiac catheterization and others.
  • Treatment expertise. Mayo Clinic doctors and surgeons have expertise treating aortic valve disease with procedures including balloon valvuloplasty, aortic valve repair (valvuloplasty), aortic valve replacement and other types of heart valve surgery. Surgeons also perform minimally invasive heart surgery, which involves smaller incisions and often results in less pain and a quicker recovery. Doctors monitor your condition over time for any changes.
  • Efficient system. Mayo Clinic doctors diagnose your condition and develop your treatment plan, often in a few days.
  • Team approach. Mayo Clinic doctors work together to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
  • Research. Mayo Clinic doctors study new diagnosis and treatment options for aortic valve disease and other heart valve diseases and conduct clinical trials. Researchers also study new heart valve surgery options, including minimally invasive aortic valve replacement surgery.

Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minn., is ranked among the Best Hospitals for heart and heart surgery by U.S. News & World Report. Mayo Clinic also ranks among the Best Children's Hospitals for heart and heart surgery.

At Mayo Clinic, we assemble a team of specialists who take the time to listen and thoroughly understand your health issues and concerns. We tailor the care you receive to your personal health care needs. You can trust our specialists to collaborate and offer you the best possible outcomes, safety and service.

Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit medical institution that reinvests all earnings into improving medical practice, research and education. We're constantly involved in innovation and medical research, finding solutions to improve your care and quality of life. Your doctor or someone on your medical team is likely involved in research related to your condition.

Our patients tell us that the quality of their interactions, our attention to detail and the efficiency of their visits mean health care — and trusted answers — like they've never experienced.

Why Choose Mayo Clinic

What Sets Mayo Clinic Apart

Mayo Clinic works with hundreds of insurance companies and is an in-network provider for millions of people. In most cases, Mayo Clinic doesn't require a physician referral. Some insurers require referrals or may have additional requirements for certain medical care. All appointments are prioritized on the basis of medical need.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular and thoracic surgery treat people who have aortic valve disease at Mayo Clinic in Arizona.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 800-446-2279 (toll-free) 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Mountain Standard Time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiothoracic surgery treat people who have aortic valve disease at Mayo Clinic in Florida.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 904-953-0853 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Eastern time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

Doctors trained in cardiovascular diseases and cardiovascular surgery treat people who have aortic valve disease at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota. Staff in the Heart Valve Disease Clinic also diagnose and treat people who have aortic valve disease.

For appointments or more information, call Cardiovascular Diseases at 507-284-3994 or Cardiovascular Surgery at 507-255-2000 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form. No physician referral is necessary. Cardiologists generally can see most patients within two weeks after their appointment requests, and often cardiologists can see patients within a week or less after the appointment request. Patients with urgent issues can usually be seen within 24 hours after their requests. In emergencies, patients are directly transferred to inpatient hospital care.

Doctors trained in pediatric cardiology and cardiovascular surgery treat children who have aortic valve disease at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota. Children needing hospitalization receive care at Mayo Eugenio Litta Children's Hospital at Mayo Clinic in Minnesota.

For appointments or more information, call the Central Appointment Office at 507-538-3270 7 a.m. to 6 p.m. Central time, Monday through Friday or complete an online appointment request form.

See information on patient services at the three Mayo Clinic locations, including transportation options and lodging.

Mayo Clinic doctors trained in heart and blood vessel disease (cardiologists) and heart and blood vessel surgery (cardiovascular surgeons) research new diagnosis and treatment options for aortic valve disease. Researchers also study new heart valve surgery options, including percutaneous valve replacement surgery, a type of minimally invasive aortic valve replacement surgery. Read more on the cardiovascular research website.

Publications

See a list of publications by Mayo Clinic doctors on aortic valve disease on PubMed, a service of the National Library of Medicine.

Read about the role of 3-D echocardiography in heart valve disease and new insights into degenerative aortic valve stenosis.

Nov. 11, 2011