Overview

Aortic valve stenosis — or aortic stenosis — occurs when the heart's aortic valve narrows. This narrowing prevents the valve from opening fully, which reduces or blocks blood flow from your heart into the main artery to your body (aorta) and onward to the rest of your body.

When the blood flow through the aortic valve is reduced or blocked, your heart needs to work harder to pump blood to your body. Eventually, this extra work limits the amount of blood it can pump, and this can cause symptoms as well as possibly weaken your heart muscle.

Your treatment depends on the severity of your condition. You may need surgery to repair or replace the valve. Left untreated, aortic valve stenosis can lead to serious heart problems.

Aortic valve disease

Aortic valve disease care at Mayo Clinic

Aug. 09, 2017
References
  1. Problem: Aortic valve stenosis. American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/HeartValveProblemsandDisease/Problem-Aortic-Valve-Stenosis_UCM_450437_Article.jsp#.WCn02cnFjVY. Accessed March 8, 2017.
  2. What is heart valve disease? National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/hvd. Accessed March 7, 2017.
  3. Bonow RO, et al., eds. Valvular heart disease. In: Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine. 10th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed March 8, 2017.
  4. Otto CM. Clinical manifestations and diagnosis of aortic stenosis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 22, 2017.
  5. AskMayoExpert. Aortic valve stenosis (adult). Rochester, Minn.: Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research; 2016.
  6. Otto CM. Medical management of asymptomatic aortic stenosis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed March 8, 2017.
  7. Otto CM, et al. Medical management of symptomatic aortic stenosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 22, 2017.
  8. Gaasch WH. Indications for valve placement in aortic stenosis in adults. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Feb. 22, 2017.
  9. Nishimura RA, et al. 2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease: A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery. 2014;148:e1.
  10. Ruiz CE, et al. Transcatheter therapies for the treatment of valvular and paravalvular regurgitation in acquired and congenital valvular heart disease. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2015;66:169.
  11. How can I make my lifestyle healthier? American Heart Association. http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/More/ToolsForYourHeartHealth/Answers-by-Heart-Fact-Sheets-Lifestyle-and-Risk-Reduction_UCM_300611_Article.jsp#.WC9socnFjVY. Accessed March 10, 2017.
  12. Daniels BK. Echo Information Management System. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 18, 2016.
  13. Clavel MA, et al. The complex nature of discordant severe calcified aortic valve disease grading: New insights from combined Doppler echocardiographic and computed tomographic study. Journal of the American College of Cardiology. 2013;62:2329.
  14. Riggin EA. Allscripts EPSi. Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 14, 2017.
  15. Mankad R (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. March 27, 2017.

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