The diagnosis of amniotic fluid embolism is based on a doctor's evaluation. A diagnosis is typically made after other conditions have been ruled out. In some cases, a diagnosis is only made after maternal death. Your health care provider might order the following lab tests during your evaluation:
Sept. 11, 2015
- Blood tests, including those that evaluate clotting, heart enzymes, electrolytes and blood type, as well as a complete blood count (CBC)
- Electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to evaluate your heart's rhythm
- Pulse oximetry to check the amount of oxygen in your blood
- Chest X-ray to look for fluid around your heart
- Echocardiography to evaluate your heart's function
- Tuffnell DJ, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine. 2014;24:148.
- Kissko JM, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:609.
- Baldisseri MR. Amniotic fluid embolism syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 12, 2015.
- Marx JA, et al., eds. Acute complications of pregnancy. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2015.
- Kramer MS, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism: Incidence, risk factors, and impact on perinatal outcome. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2012;119:874.
- Baskett TF, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Munro Kerr's Operative Obstetrics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2015.
- McDonnell NJ, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism: A leading cause of maternal death yet still a medical conundrum. International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia. 2013;22:329.
- Clark SL. Amniotic fluid embolism. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2014;123:337.
- Butler Tobah YS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 29, 2015.