Amniotic fluid embolism develops suddenly and rapidly.
Signs and symptoms of amniotic fluid embolism might include:
Sept. 11, 2015
- Sudden shortness of breath
- Excess fluid in the lungs (pulmonary edema)
- Sudden low blood pressure
- Sudden failure of the heart to effectively pump blood (cardiovascular collapse)
- Life-threatening problems with blood clotting (disseminated intravascular coagulopathy)
- Altered mental status, such as anxiety
- Rapid heart rate or disturbances in the rhythm of the heart rate
- Fetal distress, such as a slow heart rate
- Sudden fetal heart rate abnormalities
- Bleeding from the uterus, incision or intravenous (IV) sites
- Tuffnell DJ, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Obstetrics, Gynaecology and Reproductive Medicine. 2014;24:148.
- Kissko JM, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Anesthesiology Clinics. 2013;31:609.
- Baldisseri MR. Amniotic fluid embolism syndrome. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed June 12, 2015.
- Marx JA, et al., eds. Acute complications of pregnancy. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. 8th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2015.
- Kramer MS, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism: Incidence, risk factors, and impact on perinatal outcome. BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology. 2012;119:874.
- Baskett TF, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism. Munro Kerr's Operative Obstetrics. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2014. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed July 12, 2015.
- McDonnell NJ, et al. Amniotic fluid embolism: A leading cause of maternal death yet still a medical conundrum. International Journal of Obstetric Anaesthesia. 2013;22:329.
- Clark SL. Amniotic fluid embolism. Obstetrics & Gynecology. 2014;123:337.
- Butler Tobah YS (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. July 29, 2015.