Treatment

Allergy treatments include:

  • Allergen avoidance. Your doctor will help you take steps to identify and avoid your allergy triggers. This is generally the most important step in preventing allergic reactions and reducing symptoms.
  • Medications. Depending on your allergy, medications can help reduce your immune system reaction and ease symptoms. Your doctor may suggest over-the-counter or prescription medication in the form of pills or liquid, nasal sprays or eyedrops.
  • Immunotherapy. For severe allergies or allergies not completely relieved by other treatment, your doctor may recommend allergen immunotherapy. This treatment involves a series of injections of purified allergen extracts, usually given over a period of a few years.

    Another form of immunotherapy is a tablet that's placed under the tongue (sublingual) until it dissolves. Sublingual drugs are used to treat some pollen allergies.

  • Emergency epinephrine. If you have a severe allergy, your doctor may give you an emergency epinephrine shot to carry with you at all times. Given for severe allergic reactions, an epinephrine shot (EpiPen, others) can reduce symptoms until you get emergency treatment.

Alternative medicine

  • Clinical practice guidelines suggest that some people with allergic rhinitis may benefit from acupuncture.
  • Researchers are investigating using dietary supplements, fish oil, and prebiotics and probiotics for pregnant women to help prevent food allergies and eczema in their children.
Nov. 22, 2016
References
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  2. Allergic reactions. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/library/at-a-glance/allergic-reactions.aspx. Accessed Dec. 30, 2015.
  3. Leung DYM, et al. Natural history of allergic diseases and asthma. In: Pediatric Allergy: Principles and Practice. 3rd ed. Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  4. Simons FER. Anaphylaxis: Rapid recognition and treatment. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 4, 2016.
  5. Allergy treatments. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. http://www.aafa.org/page/allergy-treatments.aspx. Accessed Dec. 30, 2016.
  6. Is rinsing your sinuses safe? U.S. Food and Drug Administration. http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm316375.htm. Accessed Jan 3, 2016.
  7. Pichler WJ. Drug allergy: Classification and clinical features. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan 3, 2016.
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  9. Find a local support group. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. http://www.aafa.org/page/aafa-affiliated-asthma-allergy-support-groups.aspx. Accessed Dec. 30, 2015.
  10. Mold allergy. Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America. http://www.aafa.org/page/mold-allergy.aspx. Accessed Jan. 4, 2016.
  11. deShazo RD, et al. Allergic rhinitis: Clinical manifestations, epidemiology, and diagnosis. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  12. Burks W. Clinical manifestations of food allergy: An overview. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  13. What is a food allergy? Asthma and Allergy Foundation of America http://www.aafa.org/page/food-allergies.aspx. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  14. Spergel JM. Role of allergy in atopic dermatitis (eczema). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  15. Stinging insect allergy. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. http://www.aaaai.org/conditions-and-treatments/allergies/stinging-insect-allergy.aspx. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  16. Anaphylaxis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases.
  17. https://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/anaphylaxis/Pages/default.aspx. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  18. How does an allergic response work? National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. https://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/allergicdiseases/Pages/allergic-Response.aspx. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  19. Food allergy diagnosis. National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. http://www.niaid.nih.gov/topics/foodAllergy/understanding/Pages/diagnosis.aspx. Accessed Jan. 3, 2016.
  20. Seidman MD, et al. Clinical practice guideline: Allergic rhinitis. Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery. 2015;152:S1.
  21. Rueter K, et al. Developing primary intervention strategies to prevent allergic disease. Current Allergy and Asthma Reports. 2015;15:40.