In-depth

Prevention

Understand sunscreen options

Sunscreen is an essential part of any sun protection plan. Here's what you need to know.

Tests and diagnosis

Skin biopsy

Treatments and drugs

Chemical peel

Dermabrasion

April 14, 2017
References
  1. Schaffer JV, et al. Benign pigmented skin lesions other than melanocytic nevi (moles). http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  2. Goldstein BG, et al. Overview of benign lesions of the skin. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  3. Sun protective clothing. American Melanoma Foundation. http://www.melanomafoundation.org/prevention/clothing.htm. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  4. Melanoma (malignant melanoma). Merck Manual Professional Version. https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/dermatologicdisorders/cancersoftheskin/melanoma. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  5. Schaffer JV, et al. Laser and light therapy for cutaneous hyperpigmentation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  6. Microdermabrasion: Overview. American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/public/diseases/cosmetic-treatments/microdermabrasion#overview. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  7. Sunscreen FAQs. American Academy of Dermatology. https://www.aad.org/media/stats/prevention-and-care/sunscreen-faqs. Accessed Nov. 1, 2016.
  8. Gibson LE (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota. Nov. 28, 2016.
  9. Metelitsa A, et al. Laser and light therapy for cutaneous hyperpigmentation. http://www.uptodate.com/home. Accessed Nov. 21, 2016.
  10. James WD, et al. Melanocytic nevi and neoplasms. In: Andrews' Diseases of the Skin: Clinical Dermatology. 12th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier; 2016. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 21, 2016.
  11. Cantisano-Zilkha M, et al. Combining non-invasive therapies. In: Aesthetic Oculofacial Rejuvenation. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2010. https://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Nov. 21, 2016.
  12. Dermabrasion. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. https://www.plasticsurgery.org/cosmetic-procedures/dermabrasion. Accessed Nov. 21, 2016.
  13. Chemical peel. American Society of Plastic Surgeons. https://www.plasticsurgery.org/cosmetic-procedures/chemical-peel. Accessed Nov. 21, 2016.
  14. Patel G, et al. Efficacy of photodynamic therapy vs other interventions in randomized clinical trials for the treatment of actinic keratosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA Dermatology. 2014;150:1281.
  15. Desmedt B, et al. Overview of skin whitening agents with an insight into the illegal cosmetic market in Europe. Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology. 2016;30:943.
  16. Ortone JP, et al. Treatment of solar lentignines. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology. 2006;S4:S262.
  17. Draelos ZD. Skin lightening preparations and the hydroquinone controversy. Dermatologic Therapy. 2007;20:308.