In-depth

Prevention

Overuse injury prevention

Symptoms

Symptom Checker

Foot pain? Headache? Sore throat? Skin rash? Use the Symptom Checker to find out what's causing your symptom.

Tests and diagnosis

MRI

Ultrasound

X-ray

Treatments and drugs

Knee braces for osteoarthritis

Dec. 22, 2015
References
  1. Friedberg RP. Anterior cruciate ligament injury. http://www.uptodate.com. Accessed Oct. 10, 2015.
  2. Frontera WR. Anterior cruciate ligament tear. In: Essentials of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation: Musculoskeletal Disorders, Pain, and Rehabilitation. 3rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Saunders Elsevier; 2015. http://www.clinicalkey.com. Accessed Oct. 22, 2015.
  3. Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=a00549. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.
  4. ACL injury: Does it require surgery? American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00297. Accessed Oct. 15, 2015.
  5. Shea KG, et al. The American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons evidence-based guideline on management of anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. 2015;97:672.
  6. Knee arthroscopy exercise guide. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=A00300. Accessed Oct. 15. 2015.
  7. Stuart MJ (expert opinion). Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Oct. 28, 2015.
  8. Peterson JR, et al. Anterior cruciate ligament injury: Mechanisms of injury and strategies for injury prevention. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America. 2014;25:813.
  9. ACL injuries in young athletes. Stop Sport Injuries. American Orthopaedic Society for Sports Medicine. http://www.stopsportsinjuries.org/acl-injury-prevention.aspx. Accessed Nov. 24, 2015.